КОНТРОЛЬНЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ САНКТ ПЕТЕРБУРГ.
Для того, чтобы правильно выполнить контрольные упражнения по английскому языку, необходимо усвоить следующий грамматический материал:
1) Инфинитив: формы и функции, способы перевода на русский язык.
2) Причастия: формы и функции, способы перевода на русский язык.
3) Герундий: формы и функции, способы перевода на русский язык.
I. Подчеркните инфинитив и переведите предложения с английского на русский язык.
1. The case was too complicated to be decided without any further investigation of the evidence.
2. Law is to provide society with the rules by which all its members are to live.
3. Courts are often called upon to uphold limitations on the government and to protect against possible abuses of the law-making.
4. To adhere to standards of impartiality and fair procedure is one of the basic purposes of courts.
5. To be tried in the US district court the case must involve the parties from different states and their controversy has to be for $ 10,000 or more.
6. A defendant to lose a criminal case and to face imprisonment may believe that improperly obtained evidence has been used in the trial.
II. Подчеркните герундий и переведите предложения с английского языка.
1. The work of the police is aimed at preventing crimes and offences.
2. In a robbery case the judge tells the jury that using an unloaded gun to rob a store is legally the same as using a gun that is loaded.
3. While choosing the jurors the lawyers can reject a certain number of prospective jurors without giving any justification.
4. The person detained by the police was suspected of having robbed the bank and couldn’t avoid being questioned at the interrogation.
5. The concept worth remembering is in the fact that the decisions made by the Supreme Court affect the lives of millions of people.
6. Giving the evidence in favour of the defendant by the witness was unexpected for both parties.
III. Перепишите предложения, выбрав инфинитив или герундий, и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. A person under arrest has a right to refuse (to answer / answering) the questions of the arresting officer.
2. It is only natural for the accused to deny (to be involved / being involved) in any criminal act when first questioned.
3. The detective believed that a robbery was going to take place and it would involve (to use / using) weapons.
4. It was decided (to discuss / discussing) the controversial issues of a number of new laws.
5. Many people cannot stand (to be witnesses / being witnesses) for the prosecution.
6. The accused failed (to convince / convincing) the jury that he was innocent.
IV. Подчеркните причастие и переведите предложения контрольной работы по английскому языку.
1. As already noted, the issues presented to and decided by the court may be either factual, legal, or both.
2. When presenting a case in court, barristers, like judges, put on the archaic gown which emphasizes the impersonal majesty of the law.
3. To an extent that varies greatly between common-law and civil-law nations, all courts apply preexisting rules formulated by legislative bodies.
4. A bail is a sum of money guaranteed by somebody on behalf of a person charged with a crime.
5. Having decided controversies courts create an important by-product beyond the peaceful settlement of disputes.
6. If convicted a person may appeal to the Court of Criminal Appeal, where the verdict rendered by the jury may be overruled.
V. Перепишите предложения, выбрав причастие I или причастие II, и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. While (investigating / investigated) this case the officer interviewed many witnesses.
2. The Constitution (writing / written) in 1787 is the oldest in the world.
3. The Supreme Court decisions (interpreting / interpreted) parts of the US Constitution, laws and regulations are part of the basic law of the country.
4. The crime (reporting / reported) to the police must be registered by the officer in charge.
5. The suspect (apprehending / apprehended) by the police denied having been at the crime scene.
6. The satisfy the legal requirements (concerning / concerned) any physical evidence the investigator must be able to identify each article of evidence.