Контрольная работа по английскому языку. Контрольные. - Контрольные работы Югорского Государственного Университета
Контрольные работы по английскому языку.
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Контрольная работа по английскому языку.

Вариант 3


I. Перепишите предложения и письменно переведите их с английского языка, обращая внимание на функции инфинитива. Пример, включающий конструкцию «Сложное дополнение с инфинитивом» отмечен звёздочкой (см. образец выполнения 1, таблицы № 3, 4).

1. To earn a living is to earn enough money to pay for the things you need.
2.The buyers wish the goods to be delivered tomorrow.
3. In many businesses it is more effective to automate work than to reorganize the
workforce.
4. As foreign investment pours in, Chinese factories are producing more cars,
computers and clothes to meet rising demand at home and abroad.

II. Перепишите и письменно переведите с английского предложения с причастиями I и II. Подчеркните причастия (см. образец выполнения 2, таблицу №5) .

1. Having been provided with financial information, a tax department can estimate profitability of a particular business.
2. So, concluding my presentation, I’d just like to sum up the main points again.
3. Fee is the money paid to a lawyer, doctor, or similar skilled worker for a piece of work that they have done

III. Перепишите предложения контрольной работы и письменно переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на функции герундия (см. образец выполнения 3, таблицу № 6).

1. Before signing the contract read all the clauses carefully, especially those written in small print.
2. I am sure that the campaign is worth investing in.
3. Some workers may prefer being told what to do to shouldering the burden of decisions themselves.

IV. Перепишите и письменно переведите  следующие условные предложения (см. образец выполнения 4, таблицу №7).

1. Favourable conditions for developing foreign trade will be created if governments reduce trade barriers on imported goods.
2. If we got a virus on the network, we would lose all our data.
3. If these countries had remained outside the euro, they wouldn’t have had the same degree of economic stability.
4. What will you do if the technical conditions of the order don’t suit you?

V. Перепишите предложения контрольной работы по английскому языку. Обозначьте вертикальными чертами границы главных и придаточных предложений. Переведите предложения на русский язык (см. образец выполнения 5, таблицу № 4 в приложении ).

1. Employers want candidates who can learn, develop and be flexible.
2. The fact that the firm was selling its products below production costs made everyone surprised.
3. Newsweek is the English-language magazine I read most often.
4. Unilever is a company we know quite a lot about.

VI. Перепишите и письменно переведите с английского языка на русский язык следующий текст.
BUSINESS CYCLES
Business cycles can be described as periods of boom, contraction, recession and expansion.
Boom. At the peak of the business cycle the economy is booming. Business is producing at or near capacity, and those looking for work can generally find jobs. During peak times, business investment and consumer spending are at very high levels. But because the economy is at or near full employment and the demand for goods and services is increasing, prices are also increasing.
Contraction. For any number of reasons, consumers and busi¬nesses begin to reduce their spending levels. Businesses may lay off workers, reduce their purchases of raw materials and reduce production because they have built up excess inventories. With the reduction in spending, other business firms begin to cut back their activities. Their production is reduced and more workers are laid off. Because of the layoffs, workers, who are also consumers, spend less. This leads to still more reductions in production and additional worker layoffs.
Recession. With factories operating at less than capacity and unemployment at very high levels, total output of goods and services enters a long-term decline. This is the bottom phase of the business cycle, the period of recession. Times are hard during recessions. Unemployment is very high, jobs are difficult to find and many businesses fail. A very severe and long-lasting recession is called "a depression”.
Expansion. After a period of recession the economy eventually begins to recover, entering the expansion phase of the business cycle. Conditions are about to improve, business begins to expand its activities. Unemployment declines as additional workers are hired. This, in turn, leads to higher levels of consumer spending and still further expansion of employment, output and consumption.

VII. Найдите в тексте контрольной работы  и запишите английские эквиваленты следующих русских слов и словосочетаний:

1. быстро расти
2. уровень
3. сокращение
4. увольнять
5. дополнительный 6. спад, снижение
7. на полную мощность
8. улучшать(ся)
9. потребители
10. рост, подъем



Образец выполнения 1 (к упр. I)

1. We expect the representative Мы ожидаем, что представитель
of this firm to arrive tomorrow. этой фирмы приедет завтра.

2. She telephoned me to invite me Она позвонила мне, чтобы
to the presentation. пригласить меня на презентацию.

Образец выполнения 2 (к упр. II)

1. Seeing nothing there that Не видя там ничего, что могло
could interest us, we left заинтересовать нас, мы ушли с
the exhibition. выставки.

2.Having finished a technical Окончив техникум, он решил
college he decided to get higher получить высшее образование.
education.
3. Most of the goods made in this Большинство товаров, сделанных
factory are exported. на этой фабрике, экспортируются.

Образец выполнения 3 (к упр. III)

1. Before launching a product Прежде чем выпустить продукт,
every company should make каждая компания должна быть
sure the product will be in demand. уверена, что на продукт будет спрос.

Образец выполнения  (к упр. IV)

1. If we did the advertising Если бы мы провели рекламную
campaign right we’d sell more кампанию правильно, мы бы
and become the leader in the продали больше и стали бы
market. лидером на рынке.

2. If we hadn’t offered a lower price Если бы мы не предложили более
we’d have lost the contract. низкую цену, мы бы потеряли
контракт.

Образец выполнения 5 (к упр. V)

1. The accountant wanted to know/ Бухгалтер хотел знать, почему
why the bills had not been paid. счета не оплачены.

2. This student was the first person/ Этот студент был первым человеком,
I met at the Academy that day. которого я встретила в Академии в
тот день.

Контрольные работы по английскому языку.