Контрольная работа по английскому языку. Контрольные. - Columbus
Контрольные работы по английскому языку.
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Переведите с английского на русский язык текст контрольной:


Christopher Columbus’ Four Voyages across the Atlantic Ocean 1492-1504.
In 1450s Europeans tried to find a sea route to India and China – treasuries of silk, spices, and precious stones. By studying sea routes of previous explores, Christopher Columbus, an Italian navigator, developed a plan of traveling to the Indies by sailing west across the Atlantic Ocean. And this very idea of finding a western route to the Orient was encouraged by Spanish monarchs Ferdinand II and Isabella I.
Columbus departed from Palos on August 3, 1492. He was on board the Santa Maria, followed by two other ships: the Pinta and the Nina. This first voyage across the Atlantic Ocean lasted five weeks. The land was sighted on October 12, 1429. Columbus called the sighted island San Salvador (it is now known as the Bahamas). As the journey continued, Columbus explored other islands in the region and even landed on the northeast coast of Cuba. Everywhere he met peaceful and friendly indigenous people.
Columbus’ second voyage started in September of 1493 and ended in August of 1494. The following islands were sighted and named: Saint Kitts, San Cristobal, Santa Cruz, the Virgin Islands and others. With his men Columbus studied the climate and geography of the newly found islands, as well as he made an attempt of colonizing the region by establishing a number of settlements.
The third voyage to the New World started in May 1498 and ended on August of the same year. During this trip Columbus led his to the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Trinidad, and the mainland of South America. However, he continued to believe that it was China, rather than a totally new continent.
Columbus started his fourth voyage in May of 1502. He was accompanied on this voyage by his brother Bartholomew and 13-year-old son Fernando. During this journey Columbus survived a hurricanes, and his four ships suffered a minor damage. He sailed to Central America, stopping at Jamaica, Honduras, Costa Rica, and Panama. In Panama Columbus established a garrison, which was later attacked by the natives. These hostile natives damaged the ships. For a year Columbus and his men tried to restore the ships, fought hunger, and made attempts to befriend with natives. Help finally arrived in summer of 1504.
Christopher Columbus was given the rank of Admiral of the Atlantic Ocean and appointed Governor of all the new lands. Nowadays the citizens of the Americans celebrate Columbus Day on October 12.

Christopher Columbus – Христофор Колумб
Orient – Восток
Ferdinand II – Фердинанд Второй
Isabella I – Изабелла Первая
Palos – Палос
Santa Maria – «Санта-Мария»
Pinta – «Пинта»
Nina – «Нинья»
Bahamas – Багамские острова
Canary Islands – Канарские острова
Virgin Islands – Виргинские острова
Cape Verde – Кабо-Верде
I. найдите в тексте противоположные эквивалентам к английским следующим словам:


1. course (n)
2.sovereign (n)
3. captain (n)
4. backpack (v)
5. leave (v)
6. inspire (v)
7. expedition (n)
8. debark (v)
9. community (n)
10. wealth (n)

II. а) найдите в тексте противоположные по значению к эквивалентам английские слова:

1.following (adj.)
2. partly (adv)
3. stop (v)
4. turbulent (adj.)
5. foreign (adj.)
6. uphold (v)
7. friendly (adv)
8. foreigners (pl)
9. depart (v)
10. initially (adv)


  

Sensibility (n), colour (v), profitable (adj), existence (n), prorer (adj), read (v), legitimate (adj)

III. составить английские  словосочетания  из контрольной работ, что бы они были употреблены в тексте. Перевести их на русский язык.


1. to suffer
2. to develop
3. to fought
4. to be accompanied (on)
5. to land (on)
6. to be given
7. precious
8. to appoint
9. to make
10. to establish



a) a plan
b) the rank (of)
c) a garrison
d) stones
e) governor
f) an attempt
g) hunger
h) the voyage by smith
i) a minor damage
j) the coast


IV. заполните таблицу контрольной работы по английскому языку.




Verb Noun Adjective
communicate
service
successful
observe
culture
productive


V. выпишите из текста все хронологические даты и числительные. Напишите их на английском языке.


VI. найдите ключевые слова в тексте, соответствующие следующим определениям.
Составьте кроссворд.

1. Grow larger, fuller or more mature, organized;
2. Give hope, courage or confidence to; support;
3. Peace of land surrounded by water;
4. Acting, or ready to act, as a friend; showing or expressing kindness;
5. Weather conditions of a place or area;
6. Science of the earth’s surface, physical features, divisions, climate, products, population, etc;
7. One of the main land masses (Europe, Asia, Africa, etc.);
8. New colony; group of colonists;
9. Country, continent or land mass, without its islands;
10. Way taken or planned from one place to another.

VII. а) выпишите из текста контрольной все английские имена существительные в единственном числе и образуйте множественное число. Обращайте внимание на те имена существительные, которые не образуют множественное число или являются исключением из правил.

  б) найдите в тексте контрольной работы имена существительные во множественном числе и образуйте отних единственное число.


  в) составьте список из английских имен существительных, которые не образуют множественное число.  




VIII. а) найдите в тексте контрольной  эквиваленты на английском языке данным ниже именам прилагательным на русском языке. ( образуйте степени сравнения данных прилагательных)
1. Новый
2. Незначительный
3. Мирный
4. Дружелюбный
5. Поздний

б) выпишите из текста 5 имен прилагательных, которые не образуют степени сравнения.




IX. составьте рассказ о Христофоре Колумбе, используя следующие слова:
Previous explorers, navigator, Italy, Indies, treasuries, western route, on boxboard, islands, region, indigenous people, sight, attempt, settlements, mainland, continent, hunger, befriend, rank of admiral, governor.



X. выберите правильный вариант. Обратите внимание на употребление артиклей с географическими названиями.

Plato, (a/the) classical Greek philosopher, was (the/a) first and (-/the) only person to narrate about (-/the) Island of (-/an) Atlantis. He wrote that Atlantis existed over 10,000 years ago. It lied in the middle of (-/the) Atlantic Ocean. (the/-) Atlantis was (a/the) beautiful place with fertile soils, meadows and rivers, high mountains and deep forests. (-/the) Atlantians were tall and strong people, mostly warriors. They didn’t only trade with (-/the) Europe and (-/the) Africa, but also conquered some of (the/-) regions. They learned from different nations and cultures, thus becoming (a/the) super empire, one of (a/the) greatest civilizations on (the/-) Earth. They had so-called perfect society and high culture. Their science, art, culture, and technical wonders, as well as grandiose architectural structures amazed other people. (the/-) rulers of (a/the) islands were believed to be descendants from gods. They were noble people with wealth and power.




XI. заполните пропуски предлогами, где необходимо.

Several expeditions were sent to find El Dorado- the golden city or rich mine. El Dorado is also thought to be the country (of/from) gold and precious stones. However, many (of/from) the expeditions perished and all attempts to find this legendary city failed. They faced shallow rivers, swamps, and hundreds (from/of) kilometers (in/of) jungles- dangerous tropical forests. Some (from/of) the rivers were (by/with) rapid currents; others were full (with/of) crocodiles and poisonous snakes. The weather was also an obstacle: the sun was killing (while/when) the rains were severe and long-lasting.
Nowadays El Dorado is used figuratively to mean any place (from/of) fabulous wealth.




XII. а) определите соответствующее обстоятельство времени каждому из данных ниже предложений. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. They were staying at this hotel (when/before) they organized trade fair.
2. We have (recently/not long ago) seen an advertisement for the Grand Hotel Krasnaya Polyana and are going to book rooms there.
3. They are having annual company meeting at Holiday Inn (now/every years).
4. Have you (ever/never) taken a trip on a plane?
5. I have informed my partner (in time/yesterday) that I’ll by very busy (soon/now) and I’m unable to participate in the conference.

б) выберите правильную видо-временную форму английского глагола в активном залоге (Active Voice). Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. He (will go/ goes) Spain soon. He (will be visiting/have visited) most of the famous places there the whole month.
2. They (will have learnt/ will learn) much about local people traditions and customs by the end of the tour.
3. Shri Lanka (has become/will become) certainly one of the most attractive tourist destination.
4. They (make/made) extra stop to take passengers on board.
5. Tourists (claimed/had claimed) compensations for that terrible journey, when they (arrived/would arrive).

в) переведите предложения контрольной работы на английский язык.
1. Уже завтра к двум часам дня, они закажут билет на самолет и забронируют гостиницу в Париже.
2. Наш экскурсионный автобус ни разу не попал в пробку, поток машин несся с приличной скоростью (al full capacity) и до нужного места мы добрались невероятно быстро.
3. Именно предварительно собранная информация из печатных СМИ, Интернета и других источников позволила привлечь «разнорабочего» туриста на отдых в этот регион в прошлом году.
4. В настоящее время наша фирма проводит рекламную кампанию «горящих путевок».
5. Вчера, когда ты мне позвонил, я уже выбрал страну, куда отправлюсь в путишествие.


XIII. составьте план пересказа текста в форме вопросов: общий, специальный, альтернативный, разделительный, вопрос к подлежащему.



XIV. Переведите на русский язык 5 абзац текста.

Контрольные работы по английскому языку.